Baden Württemberg

ÖGD - Öffentlicher Gesundheitsdienst

ÖGD - Öffentlicher Gesundheitsdienst

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Housing and Age

 Deutsche Version

Seniorin mit Pflegerin © bilderbox -

The German population is ageing, like most European populations. Additionally the Germans still desire to stay in their own four walls and get old just there as long as possible. In parallel to the demographic change the prevalence of functional and cognitive limitations within the population are increasing. However the design of residential buildings and the urban setting sparsely consider these particular requirements. Environmental barriers lead to a decreased social interaction or cause social isolation. They increase the risk of accidents: Most of the deadly injuries at home are falls harming the elderly. (Official Statistics, Federal Office, Wiesbaden). 

As new houses replace the existing buildings only at a very low rate, costly adaptation are essential to improve the usability and accessibility of local and national housing stock. The construction process of future housing should apply far-sighted barrier-free and flexible design concepts. Particularly urban planning and developing of city areas should take better account of the needs of the elderly and disabled.

Besides traditional living concepts for the elderly like old people's homes or nursing homes for the elderly for quite some time different ways to live develop. Such new concepts are, for instance, forms of assisted living or outpatient care assisted (residential care home) living communities.

On the contrary, urban planning ought to consider the demographic change and strengthen the setting for families with children. Urban planning is therefore faced with the challenge in developing innovative projects for different age groups in an effort to meet the healthy housing claims of the society.


Further Information

In the year 2030 the german population will be the oldest in Europe with an forecasted percentage of 46,2% pensioners. (Reference: Eurostat, March 2010).  More details on demographic change:

Federal Institute for Population Research (Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung) "Details of the Demographic Change in Germany"

Max-Planck-Institute for Demographic Research (Max-Planck-Institut für demografische Forschung): "Steigende Lebenserwartung geht mit besserer Gesundheit einher"   

Information regarding housing and age in Baden-Württemberg

Translation "Housing and Age" (PDF; 153 KB)

Correlated German version "Lebensbedingungen und Altern" (PDF; 345 KB)   

Deadly accidents at home in the year 2006 (Federal Statistical Office)
Mortality statistics "Todesursachenstatistik 2006" (PDF; 10 KB) 

WHO Global Network of Age-friendly Cities:

 WHO Age-Friendly Environments Programme

International research regarding housing and age

Enabling Autonomy, Participation, and Well-Being in Old Age: The Home Environment as a Determinant for Healthy Ageing (ENABLE-AGE)  

Information on new living concepts of the Ministry of Social Affairs

Assisted Living  "Betreutes Wohnen -Senioren" 

Projects of the Federal Ministry of Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth 

Action programme for multigenerational houses

Living and Housing in every stages of life 

Update 09/2011


Baden-Württemberg State Health Office
Dr. Karin Otzelberger
Phone +49 (0) 711 904-39655